“My knees are making cracking noise and walking is a real pain. Son, the medicines prescribed are giving no aid to my knee. I’m afraid I won’t be able to go to your place, climbing stairs is the last thing now.” These are the very common statements we hear almost every day. People above 30, they need to take care of their joints more to avoid knee osteoarthritis. If you are suffering from acute problem, the only permanent solution to it is total knee replacement surgery.
Before knowing and discussing about the technical term, it is important to know about the knee joint structure.
Knee joint structure:
It joins the thigh bone (femur) to the sheen bone (tibia). The smaller bone alongside tibia is fibula and there is the knee cap (patella). There are ligaments to attach the bones and muscles together. All these collected form the joint.
Why is full knee replacement needed?
No one likes to stay in pain and suffer. When you have an option of avoiding it then why not do it? Everyone has a very hectic lifestyle. To maintain the pace, you need to keep your body fit. There are many reasons why you need surgery.
When the cartilage between two bones gets weakened and breaks, this results in friction between two bone joints causing tremendous pain and stiffness. Spurs, the growth of bone, can also form around the joint.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis:
Sometimes body’s immune system backfires and attacks the membrane between two joints. This causes inflation and deformity which can eventually wreck the joint. It is a severe case of a knee problem which can only be cured by knee replacement surgery procedure.
The other reasons what causes knee deformities are:
ii. Knee injury
iv. Weakened function of muscle and ligament
- Knee Deformities:
The main reasons why this happens is either gene or prior trauma from a tibial plateau fracture or an extra bone growth. The two joint deformities are:
i. Bowlegs (Genu varus) – The alignment of the knee changes and it gets outward.
ii. Knocked knees (Genu valgus) – This happens when the knee deviates inwards and touches each other.
- Post- Traumatic Arthritis:
This happens due to some injury like fracture or ligament tears. This slowly causes misalignment and cartilage damage.
Knee replacement surgery procedure :
After a proper diagnosis and doctor consultation, if you are suggested with knee surgery, then there are certain things you need to know. Here are simple 5 things that will not only make your operation successful but will help you to recover sooner:
- Be as much active as possible:
The muscle around your joint strengthens if you are active. This will help you to recover faster.
- Eat healthy!
Have healthy nutrient packed diet so that your body can sustain the stress of a surgery and helps you to heal faster.
- Get proper sleep:
I know it’s difficult when you are suffering from pain. One thing you need to know is that your body recovers at twice more speed when you are sleeping.
- A complete medical check-up:
Notify your doctor about your present state of body mainly if you are allergic to something. Check your blood pressure and sugar level so that you don’t suffer from any other problem during the surgery.
How the procedure takes place?
When something is being done on your body, you have the full right to know how it’s going to be done. I won’t throw a bunch of medical terms on you; let the doctors handle that. Let me tell you simply how this full knee replacement is done:
- An incision is made across your patella to get access to it
- They rotate the knee cap for a closer view to perform surgery
- Then it is to prepare the thigh bone. It is measured and a small cut is done on the flattening, distorted joint.
- The damaged cartilage is then removed
- A metal femoral component is attached to join the femur and then they seal it to the bone.
- The same is repeated with the tibia or sheen bone part.
- A plastic tibial component is attached to the sheen bone which acts as cartilage.
- The patella is then re-adjusted
- The final step of knee replacement surgery procedure is to fix them together and appropriately.
How does knee replacement surgery procedure help?
The first and the foremost thing is that it aids your pain. You can get back to your normal life in few days after you recover. The best part is that after total knee replacement surgery you can enjoy a better life and do lot more activities without any trouble.
Knee replacement surgery cost around $30000 AUD in an average. This process is almost 20- 30% cheaper if done abroad. They have the same facility and skilled doctors. You can get the help of some good, trustworthy medical tourism and get the surgery done.
Feel younger and livelier with a new knee. Now, play with your grandchildren, go for long walks and no more fear of stairs after full knee replacement. Happy walking!